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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Apr 13;270(2):343-8.

Stimulation by eicosapentaenoic acids of leptin mRNA expression and its secretion in mouse 3T3-L1 adipocytes in vitro.

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Third Division, Department of Medicine, Kobe University School of Medicine, 7-5-1 Kusunoki-cho, Kobe, 650, Japan.


Recent evidence indicates that both leptin and eicosapentaenoic acids (EPA) improve insulin sensitivity. In the present study, we examined the effect of EPA on endogenous leptin expression in 3T3-L1 adipocytes to clarify whether the EPA's effect is exerted through leptin expression. EPA caused a time- and dose-dependent increase of leptin mRNA levels in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Leptin mRNA expression was significantly increased up to 309.4 +/- 17.0% of the control by 24 h (P < 0.01; n = 6). Leptin secretion was also significantly increased up to 193.3 +/- 12.1% of the control by 24 h (P < 0.01; n = 6). EPA is a ligand for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) with the highest affinity to PPARalpha. We examined the effect on leptin expression of clofibrate, a ligand for PPARalpha, bezafibrate, for PPARbeta, or troglitazone, for PPARgamma, to clarify whether these ligands for PPARs could mimic EPA-induced stimulation of leptin expression. Neither clofibrate nor bezafibrate affected leptin mRNA expression, whereas troglitazone significantly suppressed leptin mRNA expression. On the other hand, inhibition by 6-diazo-5-oxo-l-norleucine of the rate-limiting enzyme in hexosamine biosynthesis blunted EPA-induced stimulation of leptin mRNA expression and its secretion. These data suggest that EPA up-regulates leptin gene expression and its secretion probably through a hexosamine biosynthetic pathway.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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