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Leuk Lymphoma. 2000 Apr;37(3-4):299-307.

Gab-family adapter molecules in signal transduction of cytokine and growth factor receptors, and T and B cell antigen receptors.

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  • 1Division of Molecular Oncology, Biomedical Research Center, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Japan.


Gab1 and Gab2 (Grb2 associated binder 1 and 2) are scaffolding adapter molecules that display sequence similarity with Drosophila DOS (daughter of sevenless), which is a potential substrate for the protein tyrosine phosphatase, Corkscrew, Both Gab1 and Gab2, like DOS, have a pleckstrin homology domain and potential binding sites for SH2 and SH3 domains. Gab1 and Gab2 are phosphorylated on tyrosine upon the stimulation of various cytokines, growth factors, and antigen receptors, and interact with signaling molecules, such as Grb2, SHP-2, and PI-3 kinase. Overexpression of Gab1 or Gab2 mimics or enhances growth factor or cytokine-mediated biological processes and activates ERK MAP kinase. These data imply that Gab1 and Gab2 act downstream of a broad range of cytokine and growth factor receptors, as well as T and B antigen receptors, and link these receptors to ERK MAP kinase and biological actions.

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