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J Neurosci Methods. 2000 Feb 15;95(2):95-102.

Quantitation of in vivo measurements with carbon fiber microelectrodes.

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Department of Chemistry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599-3290, USA.


Fast-scan cyclic voltammetry (FSCV) at carbon fiber disk microelectrodes and quantitative microdialysis were used to measure striatal concentration changes of N-acetyl-p-aminophenol (APAP, acetaminophen) following an intraperitoneal injection of 75 mg/kg APAP in rats. The goal of this work was to determine which in vitro calibration procedure, precalibration or postcalibration, gave the most accurate results when using carbon fiber microelectrodes in vivo. Voltammetric detection of APAP in vivo was complicated with normal electrodes by interference from pH changes. An electrode treatment was used to minimize electrode sensitivity to pH and this allowed successful APAP detection. In vitro calibrations of the treated carbon fiber disk microelectrodes before and after the in vivo experiment were used to calculate APAP concentration changes measured in vivo and compared to microdialysis results. The maximal striatal APAP concentration determined by microdialysis, adjusted for in vitro recovery, was 23.1 microM. The electrochemical results were approximately two times greater (postcalibration) or smaller (precalibration) than the microdialysis result.

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