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Burns. 2000 Jun;26(4):323-33.

A survey into toxic shock syndrome (TSS) in UK burns units.

Author information

1
Department of Biological Sciences, Manchester Metropolitan University, Chester Street, Manchester, UK. v.e.jones@mmu.ac.uk

Abstract

Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a rare complication of a Staphylococcus aureus infection and is primarily seen in children with small burns. The true incidence of TSS in burns patients is not known and the number of presumptive cases rarely reported. This survey was undertaken to determine if the incidence of TSS in children with burns could be related to the type of dressing used to cover the wound. A questionnaire was compiled and sent to the Senior Nurse in charge of each of the UK burns units. General information on the number of admissions, age of the patient, cause of injury and burn wound management was sought. An 81% response was obtained after two mailshots and follow up telephone calls. Seventy percent (23/33) of units which answered the survey nursed children. Of these, eight units had either not encountered TSS previously or not had a case within the past two years. These units were small, admitting a maximum of 50 patients each year. Of the units where TSS was encountered, approximately 2.5% of children admitted showed symptoms of TSS. Of the units who nursed both adults and children, seven units had seen TSS in burned adult patients which has not been reported in the literature. Of the eight units where TSS had not been recently encountered, four routinely administered prophylactic antibiotics to prevent infection whereas routine administration of antibiotics occurred in only two of the 15 units where TSS was seen. Although wound management procedures differed slightly there were many similarities. These included wound cleaning with normal saline, covering with either silver sulphadiazine (1%) or povidone iodine (10%), depending upon the infection status, and dressing with a paraffin tulle, gauze and crepe bandages. No association between the management of the burn wound and subsequent development of TSS could be established.

PMID:
10751699
DOI:
10.1016/s0305-4179(99)00142-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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