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Plant Cell Physiol. 2000 Jan;41(1):27-32.

A secreted peptide growth factor, phytosulfokine, acting as a stimulatory factor of carrot somatic embryo formation.

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  • 1Laboratory of Bioactive Natural Products Chemistry, Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University, Chikusa, Japan.


Somatic embryogenesis of the carrot (Daucus carota L.) depends on a set of factors, some of which accumulate in culture medium (conditioned medium, CM). When embryogenic cell clusters were transferred to an embryo-inducing medium, addition of CM derived from somatic embryo culture markedly stimulated somatic embryo formation. The active principles were purified using a simple bioassay system and identified to be phytosulfokines (PSKs), sulfated oligopeptide growth factors originally isolated from a CM derived from asparagus (Asparagus officinalis L.) mesophyll culture. Quantification studies using a competition ELISA system employing an anti-PSK-alpha polyclonal antibody showed that PSK production might be related to growth of cells, rather than development of somatic embryos. Thus the stimulatory effect of PSK on somatic embryo formation might be due to promotion of cell proliferation.

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