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Zh Vyssh Nerv Deiat Im I P Pavlova. 2000 Jan-Feb;50(1):103-12.

[The participation of the cholinergic system of the rat sensorimotor cortex in regulating different types of movements].

[Article in Russian]

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Sechenov Institute of Evolutionary Physiology and Biochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, St.-Petersburg.


To study the role of the cholinergic system of the sensorimotor cortex in regulation of different manipulatory movements and locomotion of Wistar rats, the effects of injections of cholinergic drugs (a cholinergic agonist carbachol and an antagonist scopolamine) into the area of forepaw representation in the sensorimotor cortex on motor activity and performance of manipulatory movements (with prolonged and short pushing) were analyzed. The drugs were injected via special cannulae stereotaxically implanted into the cortex during surgery carried out under Nembutal anesthesia. Carbachol injections (0.03-3 micrograms in 1 microliter of physiologic solution) into the cortex resulted in a significant slowing down of both types of movements as well as an increase in locomotion in the open-field test. Injections of scopolamine (0.3-3 micrograms) into the same cortical area were accompanied by an increase in the number of fast manipulatory movements without significant changes in locomotor activity. The obtained evidence suggests that the cholinergic system of the sensorimotor cortex indifferent manners regulates the innate (locomotion) and acquired movements which require different periods of maintaining the muscle tone of the forepaw (short-time periods for the usual movements necessary for food taking from the narrow horizontal tube and prolonged periods for the learned slow movements with additional tactile and tonic components).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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