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Psychosomatics. 2000 Mar-Apr;41(2):140-6.

Resilience factors associated with adaptation to HIV disease.

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Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.


This study examines the hardiness dimensions of commitment, challenge, and control as resilience factors in adaptation among persons with symptomatic HIV disease and AIDS. Two hundred participants completed self-report questionnaires measuring hardiness, psychological distress, quality of life, and core personal beliefs. A series of standard multiple regression analyses revealed that high hardiness was significantly related to 1) lower psychological distress levels; 2) higher perceived quality of life in physical health, mental health, and overall functioning domains; 3) more positive personal beliefs regarding the benevolence of the world and people, self-worth, and randomness of life events; and 4) lowered belief in controllability of life events. Commitment was the hardiness factor that most frequently made a unique contribution to predicting adaptation in the regression models. Implications of these findings for understanding HIV-related adaptation and for clinical mental health intervention are considered. Future directions in HIV-related adaptation research are suggested.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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