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Dev Psychol. 2000 Mar;36(2):274-82.

Q-sort assessment of attachment security during the preschool years: links from home to school.

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Initiatives in Educational Transformation, Graduate School of Education, George Mason University, Manassas, Virginia 20110, USA.


This study investigated relations among preschoolers' secure-base behavior with mother at home, stressful family conditions, and qualities of developing relationships with peers and teachers in preschool. Preschool-age children (N = 94; 51 boys and 43 girls) and their mothers were observed during multiple home visits, and their security of attachment was assessed with the Attachment Q-Set. Children in families with lower levels of stress had more secure attachment relationships with mothers. Both boys and girls who were less securely attached to their mothers expressed significantly more anger-aggression in preschool. For boys, higher levels of family stress were also significantly related to anger-aggression and to social competence in preschool. In addition, boys who were more securely attached to their mothers were more securely attached to their preschool teachers and were more popular with peers in preschool.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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