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J Biol Chem. 2000 Jun 16;275(24):18040-5.

Neuropilin-2 is a receptor for the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) forms VEGF-145 and VEGF-165 [corrected].

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  • 1Department of Biology, Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel.

Erratum in

  • J Biol Chem 2000 Sep 22;275(38):29922.


Neuropilin-1 (np-1) and neuropilin-2 (np-2) are receptors for axon guidance factors belonging to the class 3 semaphorins. np-1 also binds to the 165-amino acid heparin-binding form of VEGF (VEGF(165)) but not to the shorter VEGF(121) form, which lacks a heparin binding ability. We report that human umbilical vein-derived endothelial cells express the a17 and a22 splice forms of the np-2 receptor. Both np-2 forms bind VEGF(165) with high affinity in the presence of heparin (K(D) 1.3 x 10(-10) m) but not VEGF(121). np-2 also binds the heparin-binding form of placenta growth factor. These binding characteristics resemble those of np-1. VEGF(145) is a secreted heparin binding VEGF form that contains the peptide encoded by exon 6 of VEGF but not the peptide encoded by exon 7, which is present in VEGF(165). VEGF(145) binds to np-2 with high affinity (K(D) 7 x 10(-10) m). Surprisingly, VEGF(145) did not bind to np-1. Indeed, VEGF(145) does not bind to MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells, which predominantly express np-1. By contrast, VEGF(145) binds to human umbilical vein-derived endothelial cells, which express both np-1 and np-2. The binding of VEGF(165) to porcine aortic endothelial cells expressing recombinant np-2 did not affect the proliferation or migration of the cells. Nevertheless, it is possible that VEGF-induced np-2-mediated signaling will take place only in the presence of other VEGF receptors such as VEGF receptor-1 or VEGF receptor-2.

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