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J Biol Chem. 2000 May 26;275(21):16242-50.

Novel function of phosphoinositide 3-kinase in T cell Ca2+ signaling. A phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate-mediated Ca2+ entry mechanism.

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Division of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy and Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Sanders-Brown Center on Aging, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536, USA.


This study presents evidence that phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinase is involved in T cell Ca(2+) signaling via a phosphatidylinositol 3,4, 5-trisphosphate PI(3,4,5)P(3)-sensitive Ca(2+) entry pathway. First, exogenous PI(3,4,5)P(3) at concentrations close to its physiological levels induces Ca(2+) influx in T cells, whereas PI(3,4)P(2), PI(4, 5)P(2), and PI(3)P have no effect on [Ca(2+)](i). This Ca(2+) entry mechanism is cell type-specific as B cells and a number of cell lines examined do not respond to PI(3,4,5)P(3) stimulation. Second, inhibition of PI 3-kinase by wortmannin and by overexpression of the dominant negative inhibitor Deltap85 suppresses anti-CD3-induced Ca(2+) response, which could be reversed by subsequent exposure to PI(3,4,5)P(3). Third, PI(3,4,5)P(3) is capable of stimulating Ca(2+) efflux from Ca(2+)-loaded plasma membrane vesicles prepared from Jurkat T cells, suggesting that PI(3,4,5)P(3) interacts with a Ca(2+) entry system directly or via a membrane-bound protein. Fourth, although D-myo-inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate (Ins(1,3,4, 5)P(4)) mimics PI(3,4,5)P(3) in many aspects of biochemical functions such as membrane binding and Ca(2+) transport, we raise evidence that Ins(1,3,4,5)P(4) does not play a role in anti-CD3- or PI(3,4,5)P(3)-mediated Ca(2+) entry. This PI(3,4,5)P(3)-stimulated Ca(2+) influx connotes physiological significance, considering the pivotal role of PI 3-kinase in the regulation of T cell function. Given that PI 3-kinase and phospholipase C-gamma form multifunctional complexes downstream of many receptor signaling pathways, we hypothesize that PI(3,4,5)P(3)-induced Ca(2+) entry acts concertedly with Ins(1,4,5)P(3)-induced Ca(2+) release in initiating T cell Ca(2+) signaling. By using a biotinylated analog of PI(3,4,5)P(3) as the affinity probe, we have detected several putative PI(3,4,5)P(3)-binding proteins in T cell plasma membranes.

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