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J Biol Chem. 2000 Jun 9;275(23):17683-92.

CrkII participation in the cellular effects of growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-1. Phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase dependent and independent effects.

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Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, 30 Medical Dr., Singapore 117609, Republic of Singapore.


We have examined the role of CrkII in the cellular response to both human growth hormone (hGH) and human insulin-like growth factor-1 (hIGF-1). We have demonstrated that overexpression of the adaptor molecule enhances both basal phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) activity and also dramatically enhances the ability of both hormones to stimulate PI 3-kinase activity in the cell. Many of the effects of CrkII overexpression on hGH- and hIGF-1-stimulated cellular function can then be attributed to CrkII enhancement of PI 3-kinase stimulation by these hormones. Thus, CrkII-enhanced PI 3-kinase activity is used to enhance actin filament reorganization in response to both hGH and hIGF-1, to enhance stress activated protein kinase (SAPK) activity in response to hGH, and to diminish STAT5-mediated transcription in response to hGH. It is apparent, however, that CrkII also regulates cellular function independent of its ability to stimulate PI 3-kinase activity. This is evidenced by the ability of CrkII, in a PI 3-kinase-independent manner, to diminish the activation of p44/42 mitogen-activated protein kinase in response to both hGH and hIGF-1 and to inhibit the activation of SAPK by hIGF-1. Therefore, despite the common use of CrkII to activate PI 3-kinase, CrkII also allows hGH or hIGF-1 to selectively switch the activation of SAPK. Thus, common utilization of CrkII by hGH and hIGF-1 allows the execution of common cellular effects of these hormones, concomitant with the retention of hormonal specificity.

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