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J Biol Chem. 2000 Jun 23;275(25):19115-20.

Species differences between rat and mouse CCKA receptors determine the divergent acinar cell response to the cholecystokinin analog JMV-180.

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Department of Physiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-0622 and Tupper Research Institute, New England Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02111, USA.


The cholecystokinin (CCK) analog JMV-180 acts as a partial agonist in rats and a full agonist in mice. Whether this functional variability is due to species differences in CCK receptor structure or to alterations in the cellular environment is unknown. To address this question, an adenoviral construct encoding the rat CCK(A) receptor (AdCCK(A)R) was used to express the rat receptor in acini from CCK(A) receptor-deficient mice (CCK(A)R -/-). Infection of CCK(A)R -/- acini in vitro with pAdCCK(A)R led to a time-dependent increase in (125)I-CCK(8) binding. The affinity for JMV-180 of the adenovirally transferred rat and the endogenous mouse CCK(A) receptors was not different. In native mouse acini, JMV-180 acted as a full agonist (both stimulation and inhibition of amylase release). In contrast, in mouse acini expressing pAdCCK(A)R JMV-180 acted as a partial agonist (only stimulation of amylase release). In addition, the pattern of protein synthesis induced by JMV-180 in CCK(A)R -/- mouse acini infected with AdCCK(A)R resembled the pattern observed in wild-type rats (lack of inhibition) rather than the respective pattern in wild-type mice (inhibition). These data suggest that species differences in the CCK(A) receptor of rats and mice account for the observed divergence in the acinar cell response to JMV-180.

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