Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2000 May 19;275(20):15458-65.

A phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt pathway, activated by tumor necrosis factor or interleukin-1, inhibits apoptosis but does not activate NFkappaB in human endothelial cells.

Author information

Interdepartmental Program in Vascular Biology and Transplantation, Boyer Center for Molecular Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA.


Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin-1 (IL-1) activate the transcription of both anti-apoptotic and pro-inflammatory gene products in human endothelial cells (EC) via NFkappaB. Here we report that both TNF and IL-1 activate the anti-apoptotic protein kinase Akt in growth factor and serum-deprived EC, assessed by Western blotting for phospho-Akt. Phosphorylation of Akt is blocked by LY294002 or wortmannin, inhibitors of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase). Consistent with these biochemical observations, TNF and IL-1 reduce apoptosis caused by growth factor and serum deprivation, and this action is also blocked by LY294002. Although Akt has been reported to activate NFkappaB, LY294002 does not prevent TNF- or IL-1-induced degradation of IkappaBalpha, beta, or epsilon, transcription of NFkappaB-dependent E-selectin or ICAM-1 promoter-reporter genes, or surface expression of E-selectin or ICAM-1 in human EC. LY294002 potentiates the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases and stress-activated protein kinases by TNF and IL-1, suggesting Akt inhibits these responses. We conclude that TNF and IL-1 activate a PI 3-kinase/Akt anti-apoptotic pathway and that the anti-apoptotic effects of Akt are independent of NFkappaB. Moreover, the PI 3-kinase/Akt pathway does not play a major role in the pro-inflammatory responses of EC to TNF or IL-1.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center