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J Biol Chem. 2000 Jun 30;275(26):20012-9.

Mechanism of inactivation of ornithine transcarbamoylase by Ndelta -(N'-Sulfodiaminophosphinyl)-L-ornithine, a true transition state analogue? Crystal structure and implications for catalytic mechanism.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, The University of Sydney, Sydney 2006, Australia and the Horticultural and Food Research Institute of New Zealand, Mt Albert Research Centre, Auckland 1003, New Zealand.

Erratum in

  • J Biol Chem 2000 Sep 29;275(39):30746.


The crystal structure is reported at 1.8 A resolution of Escherichia coli ornithine transcarbamoylase in complex with the active derivative of phaseolotoxin from Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola, N(delta)-(N'-sulfodiaminophosphinyl)-l-ornithine. Electron density reveals that the complex is not a covalent adduct as previously thought. Kinetic data confirm that N(delta)-(N'-sulfodiaminophosphinyl)-l-ornithine exhibits reversible inhibition with a half-life in the order of approximately 22 h and a dissociation constant of K(D) = 1.6 x 10(-12) m at 37 degrees C and pH 8.0. Observed hydrogen bonding about the chiral tetrahedral phosphorus of the inhibitor is consistent only with the presence of the R enantiomer. A strong interaction is also observed between Arg(57) Nepsilon and the P-N-S bridging nitrogen indicating that imino tautomers of N(delta)-(N'-sulfodiaminophosphinyl)-l-ornithine are present in the bound state. An imino tautomer of N(delta)-(N'-sulfodiaminophosphinyl)-l-ornithine is structurally analogous to the proposed reaction transition state. Hence, we propose that N(delta)-(N'-sulfodiaminophosphinyl)-l-ornithine, with its three unique N-P bonds, represents a true transition state analogue for ornithine transcarbamoylases, consistent with the tight binding kinetics observed.

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