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J Biol Chem. 2000 May 5;275(18):13962-6.

Type I phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinase directly interacts with ADP-ribosylation factor 1 and is responsible for phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate synthesis in the golgi compartment.

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Department of Physiology, University College London, London WC1E 6JJ, United Kingdom.


Phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) 4,5-bisphosphate is involved in many aspects of membrane traffic, but the regulation of its synthesis is only partially understood. Golgi membranes contain PI 4-kinase activity and a pool of phosphatidylinositol phosphate (PIP), which is further increased by ADP-ribosylation factor 1 (ARF1). COS7 cells were transfected with alpha and beta forms of PI 4-kinase, and only membranes from COS7 cells transfected with PI 4-kinase beta increased their content of PIP when incubated with ARF1. PtdIns(4, 5)P(2) content in Golgi membranes was nonexistent but could be increased to a small extent upon adding either cytosol or Type I or Type II PIP kinases. However, when ARF1 was present, PtdIns(4,5)P(2) levels increased dramatically when membranes were incubated in the presence of cytosol or Type I, but not Type II, PIP kinase. To examine whether ARF1 could directly activate Type I PIP 5-kinase, we used an in vitro assay consisting of phosphatidycholine-containing liposomes, ARF1, and PIP 5-kinase. ARF1 increased Type I PIP 5-kinase activity in a guanine nucleotide-dependent manner, identifying this enzyme as a direct effector for ARF1.

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