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Nature. 2000 Mar 23;404(6776):355-62.

Three-dimensional structure of the neuronal-Sec1-syntaxin 1a complex.

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1
Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, California 94305, USA.

Abstract

Syntaxin 1a and neuronal Sec1 (nSec1) form an evolutionarily conserved heterodimer that is essential for vesicle trafficking and membrane fusion. The crystal structure of the nSec1-syntaxin 1a complex, determined at 2.6 A resolution, reveals that major conformational rearrangements occur in syntaxin relative to both the core SNARE complex and isolated syntaxin. We identify regions of the two proteins that seem to determine the binding specificity of particular Sec1 proteins for syntaxin isoforms, which is likely to be important for the fidelity of membrane trafficking. The structure also indicates mechanisms that might couple the action of upstream effector proteins to conformational changes in syntaxin 1a and nSec1 that lead to core complex formation and membrane fusion.

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PMID:
10746715
DOI:
10.1038/35006120
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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