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Oral Oncol. 2000 Mar;36(2):221-4.

Immunohistochemical expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase in DMBA-induced hamster buccal pouch carcinogenesis.

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Oral Pathology Department, School of Dentistry, Kaohsiung Medical College, 100 Shih-Chuan 1st Road, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, ROC.


Nitric oxide (NO) plays a key role in the processes of inflammation and carcinogenesis. Three isoforms of NO synthase have been identified: endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS), neuronal NOS, and inducible NOS (iNOS). The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of iNOS in 7, 12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-induced hamster buccal pouch carcinogenesis. Thirty outbred young (6-week-old) male Syrian golden hamsters were randomly divided into three groups: DMBA (0.5%) painted group (n=10); mineral oil-treated group (n=10); and non-treated group (n=10). The average number of iNOS positive foci per section in the DMBA-treated group was approximately 12.2+/-4.7. Both cytoplasmic and nuclear stainings were observed in the DMBA-treated pouch keratinocytes. No iNOS activity could be detected in the untreated or mineral oil-treated pouches. In conclusion, this study has demonstrated that iNOS is expressed in DMBA-induced hamster pouch carcinomas. This finding suggests that iNOS expression may be associated with the development of chemically induced oral carcinomas.

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