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J Biol Chem. 2000 Apr 7;275(14):10405-12.

Curcuminoids inhibit the angiogenic response stimulated by fibroblast growth factor-2, including expression of matrix metalloproteinase gelatinase B.

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  • 1Vision Research Laboratories of New England Eye Center and the Department of Ophthalmology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02111, USA.


We have studied mechanisms controlling activation of the gelatinase B gene (matrix metalloproteinase-9) by fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) during angiogenesis, and the effects of the natural product curcuminoids on this process. Using a transgenic mouse (line 3445) harboring a gelatinase B promoter/lacZ fusion gene, we demonstrate FGF-2 stimulation of reporter gene expression in endothelial cells of invading neocapillaries in the corneal micropocket assay. Using cultured corneal cells, we show that FGF-2 stimulates DNA binding activity of transcription factor AP-1 but not NF-kappaB and that AP-1 stimulation is inhibited by curcuminoids. We further show that induction of gelatinase B transcriptional promoter activity in response to FGF-2 is dependent on AP-1 but not NF-kappaB response elements and that promoter activity is also inhibited by curcuminoids. In rabbit corneas, the angiogenic response induced by implantation of an FGF-2 pellet is inhibited by the co-implantation of a curcuminoid pellet, and this correlates with inhibition of endogenous gelatinase B expression induced by FGF-2. Angiostatic efficacy in the cornea is also observed when curcuminoids are provided to mice in the diet. Our findings provide evidence that curcuminoids target the FGF-2 angiogenic signaling pathway and inhibit expression of gelatinase B in the angiogenic process.

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