Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Plast Reconstr Surg. 2000 Apr;105(4):1542-52; discussion 1553-4.

Textured-surface saline-filled silicone breast implants for augmentation mammaplasty.

Author information

  • 1Division of Plastic Surgery, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20007, USA.


The earliest silicone breast implants were smooth-surface, silicone rubber devices filled with either silicone gel or saline. Because of persistent problems with capsular contracture, polyurethane-covered silicone implants were developed as an alternative. Particularly in the short run, these alternatives proved highly successful at reducing the incidence of capsular contracture. By 1990, polyurethane-covered implants were rapidly becoming the preferred implant choice of many plastic surgeons, but for legal, regulatory, financial, and safety reasons they were withdrawn from the market by Bristol-Myers in 1991. Meanwhile, during the late 1980s, surface texturing and improved materials became available on other silicone breast implants and expanders. Most studies suggest that textured-surface silicone gel-filled implants, saline-filled implants, and tissue expanders have less frequent capsular contracture than their smooth-surface counterparts.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Support Center