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Eur J Immunol. 2000 Mar;30(3):867-75.

The type II decoy receptor of IL-1 inhibits murine collagen-induced arthritis.

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UPRES EA-2361, UFR Léonard de Vinci, Université Paris-Nord, Bobigny, France.


IL-1 is a key cytokine involved in the inflammatory response. The type II receptor of IL-1 (IL-1RII) acts as a decoy receptor, binding and inhibiting the effect of IL-1. This study was undertaken to establish whether IL-1RII can ameliorate collagen-induced arthritis, a model of inflammatory arthritis in mice. We used human keratinocytes transfected with the human (h)IL-1 RII gene as a source of hIL-1 RII protein. We showed that these cells expressed both the membrane and soluble form of receptor. In vitro, IL-1-stimulated murine macrophage cells showed a decreased expression of TNF-alpha in the presence of hIL-1 RII. We engrafted the hIL-1RII-transfected cells in the back of mice developing collagen-induced arthritis. We found that clinical and histological parameters of arthritis were significantly decreased in mice treated with cells producing hIL-1RII. In addition, hIL-1RII administration was able to reduce the expression of mRNA for IL-6 and myeloperoxidase in the joints of treated animals. These data show that hIL-1 RII anti-inflammatory properties in the model of collagen-induced arthritis in mice and could have a regulatory role in rheumatoid arthritis.

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