Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Eur J Cancer. 2000 Jan;36(1):49-54.

Value of pedigree/clinical data, immunohistochemistry and microsatellite instability analyses in reducing the cost of determining hMLH1 and hMSH2 gene mutations in patients with colorectal cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Genetics and Pathology, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland. debniak@friko6.onet.pl

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the significance of pedigree/clinical data, immunohistochemistry (IHC) and microsatellite instability (MI) analyses in the reduction of costs of constitutional hMLH1 and hMSH2 gene mutation diagnosis in patients with colorectal cancers (CRC). Pedigree/clinical data were evaluated on a series of 168 patients with CRC, including 43 consecutive sporadic late-onset and 25 consecutive, definitive or suspected hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) cases, examined by IHC and MI analyses. In the latter group, 6/25 (24%) constitutional mutations were found. We detected no germline mutations in the sporadic late-onset patients. The lowest costs (880 Euro/mutation detected) were achieved by performing pedigree/clinical data (for exclusion of late-onset sporadic CRC) in conjuction with IHC only. In this model 1/6 (17%) mutations was missed. Additional preselection by IHC and MI analyses before sequencing was required to detect all mutations. In this approach, which seems to be the most effective in the search for hMLH1 and hMSH2 gene mutation, the cost was 1767 euro/mutation detected.

PMID:
10741294
DOI:
10.1016/s0959-8049(99)00208-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center