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J Appl Psychol. 2000 Feb;85(1):132-42.

Predictors and outcomes of openness to changes in a reorganizing workplace.

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Industrial Relations Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455, USA.


It is becoming increasingly important for employees to be able to cope with change in the workplace. This longitudinal study examined a set of individual differences and context-specific predictors of employee openness (i.e., change acceptance and positive view of changes) toward a set of workplace changes. Personal resilience (a composite of self-esteem, optimism, and perceived control) was related to higher levels of change acceptance. Three context-specific variables (information received about the changes, self-efficacy for coping with the changes, and participation in the change decision process) were predictive of higher levels of employee openness to the changes. Lower levels of change acceptance were associated with less job satisfaction, more work irritation, and stronger intentions to quit.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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