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J Microbiol Methods. 2000 Mar;40(1):19-31.

Phylogenetic analysis of aerobic freshwater and marine enrichment cultures efficient in hydrocarbon degradation: effect of profiling method.

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1
Center for Environmental Biotechnology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville 37932-2575, USA.

Abstract

Aerobically grown enrichment cultures derived from hydrocarbon-contaminated seawater and freshwater sediments were generated by growth on crude oil as sole carbon source. Both cultures displayed a high rate of degradation for a wide range of hydrocarbon compounds. The bacterial species composition of these cultures was investigated by PCR of the 16S rDNA gene using multiple primer combinations. Near full-length 16S rDNA clone libraries were generated and screened by restriction analysis prior to sequence analysis. Polymerase chain reaction-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) was carried out using two other PCR primer sets targeting either the V3 or V6-V8 regions, and sequences derived from prominent DGGE bands were compared to sequences obtained via cloning. All data sets suggested that the seawater culture was dominated by alpha-subgroup proteobacteria, whereas the freshwater culture was dominated by members of the beta- and gamma-proteobacteria. However, the V6-V8 primer pair was deficient in the recovery of Sphingomonas-like 16S rDNA due to a 3' terminal mismatch with the reverse primer. Most 16S rDNA sequences recovered from the marine enrichment were not closely related to genera containing known oil-degrading organisms, although some were detected. All methods suggested that the freshwater enrichment was dominated by genera containing known hydrocarbon-degrading species.

PMID:
10739339
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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