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J Gene Med. 1999 Jul-Aug;1(4):275-9.

Intercellular spread of GFP-VP22.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Clinical Research Centre, Huddinge Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) VP22 polypeptide has been reported to mediate intercellular trafficking of heterologous proteins fused to its C- or N-terminus, a feature making it a useful tool in bystander cell-targeted gene therapy.

METHODS:

Here we show, by detection of Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) fused to VP22, its subcellular distribution in living producer (transfected) and recipient (non-transfected) cells as well as in cells after fixation. Four cell lines from different species were used.

RESULTS:

Different fractions of translocated GFP-VP22 fusion protein could be detected in fixed recipient cells by two different methods of fixation. Functional GFP in live recipient cells could not be detected.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our study indicates that the VP22-chimeric protein transfer in its present form is suboptimal in terms of protein function. However, after fixation, the GFP signal in 100% of cells in a monolayer can be detected even at moderate transfection efficiency.

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