Send to

Choose Destination
Cancer Lett. 2000 Apr 14;151(2):169-79.

Inhibition of carcinogen-induced rat mammary tumor growth and other estrogen-dependent responses by symmetrical dihalo-substituted analogs of diindolylmethane.

Author information

Department of Veterinary Physiology and Pharmacology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-4466, USA.


90%) by the haloDIMs at concentrations of 5 or 10 microM, and only 4, 4'-dichloroDIM alone increased cell proliferation. With the exception of 5,5'-difluoroDIM, the remaining compounds also inhibited E2-induced growth of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. DihaloDIMs (100 mg/kg/dayx3) were not estrogenic in the immature female B6C3F1 mouse uterus; however, in animals co-treated with E2 (0.02 microg/mouse), 5,5'-dichloro- and 6,6'-dichloroDIM inhibited uterine progesterone receptor (PR) binding and uterine peroxidase activity, whereas 5,5'-dichloro- and 5,5'-dichloro-2,2'-dimethylDIM inhibited only the latter response. The antitumorigenic activities of the dihaloDIMs were determined by their inhibition of carcinogen-induced mammary tumor growth in female Sprague-Dawley rats. 4,4'-Dichloro-, 5,5'-dibromo- and 6,6'-dichloroDIM, significantly inhibited mammary tumor growth at doses of 1 mg/kg every second day, and no significant changes in organ weights or liver and kidney histopathology were observed. These three compounds were more active than DIM in the same in vivo assay.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center