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J Biomed Mater Res. 2000 Jun 5;50(3):428-39.

Modulating fibroblast adhesion, spreading, and proliferation using self-assembled monolayer films of alkylthiolates on gold.

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Departments of Biochemistry and Chemistry, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, USA.


Ultrathin, highly organized functionalized alkylthiol monolayers were applied as model substrates for cell growth and protein adsorption studies. The aim of this approach was to improve the understanding of molecular surface determinants required for adhesion-dependent cell growth and proliferation using well-controlled surface chemistry. Carboxyl- and methyl-terminated alkylthiol monolayers on gold were used to monitor Swiss 3T3 fibroblast adhesion, spreading, and growth. Stress fiber and focal contact formation were determined by immunostaining of actin filaments and paxillin. Fibronectin deposition and conformation on these surface chemistries in the presence and absence of competing proteins were also determined. The relative levels of adsorbed fibronectin were assessed using radiolabeled proteins. Exposure of the 10th type III cell integrin binding domain of fibronectin was assessed using a radiolabeled monoclonal antibody. Distinct alkylthiol substrate chemistry-dependent differences were observed in fibroblast adhesion, spreading, and growth. The formation of focal contacts and stress fibers was enhanced on the carboxyl-terminated surface relative to the methyl surface. Relative deposition and conformations of adsorbed fibronectin were shown to be dependent on surface chemistry in both the presence and absence of competing proteins. The results indicated that well-controlled culture surfaces modulate differential cell adhesion, spreading, and growth through modulations of the amounts and conformations of adsorbed extracellular matrix molecules (e.g., fibronectin).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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