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Mol Cell Neurosci. 2000 Mar;15(3):314-29.

PDGF and FGF-2 signaling in oligodendrocyte progenitor cells: regulation of proliferation and differentiation by multiple intracellular signaling pathways.

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Department of Physiological Chemistry, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Antonius Deusinglaan 1, Groningen, 9713 AV, The Netherlands.


In this paper we address the linking of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) to intracellular signaling molecules in oligodendrocyte progenitors. It is demonstrated that both growth factors activate downstream targets similar to those shown for protein kinase C (PKC) activation. Yet, neither the arrest of terminal oligodendrocyte differentiation nor the proliferation induced by PDGF or FGF-2 can be antagonized by inhibition of PKC. Rather, p42/p44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), p38 MAPK, and pp70 S6 kinase were found to be necessary for the mitogenic activity of PDGF and FGF-2. Paradoxically, these kinases were also necessary for the onset of oligodendrocyte differentiation in control cells. In addition, cAMP-dependent kinase A (PKA) activation inhibited the mitogenic response of oligodendrocyte progenitors to FGF-2. Taken together, the molecular mechanism that controls oligodendrocyte lineage progression is operated by at least two signal pathways, which interfere either with proliferation and/or differentiation of oligodendrocyte progenitors.

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