Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Apr;20(8):2933-40.

Protein kinase C-theta participates in NF-kappaB activation induced by CD3-CD28 costimulation through selective activation of IkappaB kinase beta.

Author information

Gladstone Institute of Virology and Immunology, Departments of Medicine and Microbiology and Immunology, University of California, San Francisco, California 94141, USA.


The NF-kappaB/Rel family of eukaryotic transcription factors plays an essential role in the regulation of inflammatory, antiapoptotic, and immune responses. NF-kappaB is activated by many stimuli including costimulation of T cells with ligands specific for the T-cell receptor (TCR)-CD3 complex and CD28 receptors. However, the signaling intermediates that transduce these costimulatory signals from the TCR-CD3 and CD28 surface receptors leading to nuclear NF-kappaB expression are not well defined. We now show that protein kinase C-theta (PKC-theta), a novel PKC isoform, plays a central role in a signaling pathway induced by CD3-CD28 costimulation leading to activation of NF-kappaB in Jurkat T cells. We find that expression of a constitutively active mutant of PKC-theta potently induces NF-kappaB activation and stimulates the RE/AP composite enhancer from the interleukin-2 gene. Conversely, expression of a kinase-deficient mutant or antisense PKC-theta selectively inhibits CD3-CD28 costimulation, but not tumor necrosis factor alpha-induced activation of NF-kappaB in Jurkat T cells. The induction of NF-kappaB by PKC-theta is mediated through the activation of IkappaB kinase beta (IKKbeta) in the absence of detectable IKKalpha stimulation. PKC-theta acts directly or indirectly to stimulate phosphorylation of IKKbeta, leading to activation of this enzyme. Together, these results implicate PKC-theta in one pathway of CD3-CD28 costimulation leading to NF-kappaB activation that is apparently distinct from that involving Cot and NF-kappaB-inducing kinase (NIK). PKC-theta activation of NF-kappaB is mediated through the selective induction of IKKbeta, while the Cot- and NIK-dependent pathway involves induction of both IKKalpha and IKKbeta.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center