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Prev Med. 2000 Apr;30(4):261-8.

A randomized controlled trial of smoking cessation counseling after myocardial infarction.

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Hartford Hospital, Hartford, Connecticut, 06102, USA.



Smoking cessation after myocardial infarction (MI) has been associated with a 50% reduction in mortality but in-hospital smoking cessation interventions are rarely part of routine clinical practice.


One hundred cigarette smokers consecutively admitted during 1996 with MI were assigned to minimal care or to a hospital-based smoking cessation program. Intervention consisted of bedside cessation counseling followed by seven telephone calls over the 6 months following discharge. Primary outcomes were abstinence rates measured at 6 months and 1 year post-discharge.


At follow-up, 43 and 34% of participants in minimal care and 67 and 55% of participants in intervention were abstinent at 6 and 12 months. respectively (P<0.05). Abstinence rates were calculated assuming that participants lost to attrition were smokers at follow-up. Intervention and self-efficacy were independent predictors of smoking status at follow-up. Low self-efficacy combined with no intervention resulted in a 93% relapse rate by 1 year (P<0.01).


A hospital-based smoking cessation program consisting of inpatient counseling and telephone follow-up substantially increases smoking abstinence 1 year after discharge in patients post-MI. Patients with low self-efficacy are almost certain to relapse without intervention. Such smoking cessation programs should be part of the management of patients with MI.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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