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J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2000 Mar;32(3):391-403.

Differential regulation of vascular smooth muscle nuclear factor kappa-B by G alpha q-coupled and cytokine receptors.

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Department of Pharmacology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.


NF kappaB has been implicated as a downstream effector of G alphaq-coupled receptor signaling, but whether these and cytokine receptors activate NF kappaB similarly remains unclear. Stimulation of rat vascular smooth muscle cell G alphaq-coupled P2Y nucleotide receptors with UTP induces luciferase transcription from a sensitive and specific NF kappaB dependent promoter. However, these responses are only;15% of that to the reference cytokine IL-1 beta. IL-1 beta is a powerful stimulator of I kappaB alpha degradation, RelA nuclear import, and isoform specific NF kappaB enhancer binding in vitro, responses that are not detectable after P2Y receptor stimulation. Expression of two trans -dominant NF kappaB polypeptides suppresses induction of the NF kappaB reporter and also IL-1 beta stimulated monocyte chemoattractant-1 mRNA, which is not induced by UTP. In contrast, UTP induces higher expression of the endogenous COX-2 and IL-6 mRNAs than does IL-1 beta, implying that G alphaq-coupled receptor evokes additional NF kappaB-independent transcription factors in regulating these two genes. P2Y receptors are as effective as the reference growth factor PDGF-BB at inducing CREB, AP-1, SRE and NFAT transcription, which are largely unaffected by IL-1 beta treatment. NF kappaB is less efficiently activated then several other transcriptional effectors of G alphaq-coupled receptor signaling in vascular smooth muscle cells, and is instead preferentially activated by inflammatory cytokines.

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