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Theriogenology. 1999 Mar;51(4):721-7.

Hypoosmotic test in equine spermatozoa.

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  • 1Area of Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina.


The aim of the study was to evaluate equine sperm membrane integrity using the hypoosmotic swelling (HOS) test and to correlate this test with different sperm parameters in raw and frozen thawed semen. The HOS solutions were made with fructose, sucrose, lactose and sodium citrate each at 300, 150, 100, 50 and 25 mosm. Maximum numbers of swollen spermatozoa were observed in solutions of fructose, sucrose and lactose each at 100, 50 and 25 mosm. Correlations between progressive motility, morphologically normal spermatozoa and the HOS test were r = 0.75 and r = 0.51 in raw semen and r = 0.26 and r = -0.22 in frozen-thawed semen. The correlation between HOS and percentage of intact membranes with the fluorescent stain was r = 0.32 in frozen-thawed semen. The HOS test is a simple and accessible method which could be used as a complement to routine equine semen analysis. It has the added advantages of being less susceptible to the immediate effects of cold shock and of evaluating individual spermatozoa rather than the population as a whole, as does progressive motility.

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