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Cardiovasc Res. 2000 Mar;45(4):913-24.

Gingerol, isoproterenol and ouabain normalize impaired post-rest behavior but not force-frequency relation in failing human myocardium.

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Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Abteilung Kardiologie und Pneumologie, Germany.



Rest- and stimulation frequency-dependent potentiation of contractile force is blunted in failing human myocardium. These alterations have been related to reduced sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+)-reuptake and enhanced transsarcolemmal Ca(2+)-elimination by Na+/Ca(2+)-exchange. We investigated whether inotropic interventions that enhance SR Ca(2+)-uptake, or reduce Ca(2+)-elimination by Na+/Ca(2+)-exchange, normalize impaired post-rest and force-frequency behavior in left ventricular muscle strips from failing human hearts.


We tested the influence of [10]-gingerol which activates SR Ca(2+)-ATPase (10 mumol/l; n = 13), and isoproterenol which activates cAMP-dependent pathways (0.01, 0.1, 1 mumol/l; n = 40) on post-rest and force-frequency behavior. Ouabain which blocks Na+/K(+)-ATPase (0.03 mumol/l; n = 16) was used to test the effects of inhibiting Ca(2+)-elimination by Na+/Ca(2+)-exchange. For comparison, the effects of blocking SR Ca(2+)-uptake by thapsigargin (10 mumol/l; n = 14) were tested. In addition, Ca(2+)-uptake in myocardial homogenates was measured for gingerol (10 mumol/l; n = 6).


Gingerol, isoproterenol (0.1, 1 mumol/l) and ouabain exerted significant positive inotropic effects under basal experimental conditions and normalized post-rest behavior. In contrast, force-frequency relation was only slightly improved by gingerol and isoproterenol (0.01 mumol/l). Ouabain and isoproterenol (1 mumol/l) further deteriorated force-frequency relation due to frequency-dependent significant increases in diastolic tension. Thapsigargin exerted negative inotropic effects and significantly deteriorated post-rest and force-frequency behavior. In addition, gingerol increased SR Ca(2+)-uptake significantly in myocardial homogenates.


Inotropic interventions that stimulate SR Ca(2+)-ATPase or inhibit Na+/Ca(2+)-exchange normalize impaired post-rest behavior. Force-frequency behavior is only slightly improved by stimulation of SR Ca(2+)-ATPase but not by inhibition of Na+/Ca(2+)-exchange. This dissociation between post-rest and force-frequency behavior results from diastolic dysfunction at high stimulation rates.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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