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Fitoterapia. 2000 Apr;71(2):162-75.

Characterization of proanthocyanidins from grape seeds.

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Indena SpA, Laboratori Ricerca e Sviluppo, Via Don Minzoni 6, 20090, Settala, Milano, Italy.


Leucoselect (grape seed selected proanthocyanidins) was analyzed. HPLC thermospray mass spectrometry (TSP-MS) allowed the detection of monomeric flavan-3-ols and dimeric proanthocyanidins. Fractionation over Sephadex LH-20 resin and analysis of the isolated fractions by gel permeation chromatography (GPC) and electrospray mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) led to the complete characterization of the proanthocyanidin constituents of Leucoselect. The analysis revealed the presence of approximately 15% of (+)-catechin (1) and (-)-epicatechin (2), 80% of (-)-epicatechin 3-O-gallate (3), dimers, trimers, tetramers and their gallates and 5% of pentamers, hexamers, heptamers and their gallates.

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