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Biochemistry. 2000 Mar 28;39(12):3185-91.

Identification of 12-lipoxygenase interaction with cellular proteins by yeast two-hybrid screening.

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Department of Radiation Oncology and Pathology, Center for Molecular Medicine and Genetics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, and Karmanos Cancer Institute, Detroit, Michigan 48202, USA.


The platelet isoform of 12-lipoxygenase (12-LOX) is expressed in a variety of human tumors. 12-LOX metabolizes arachidonic acid to 12(S)-hydroxyeicosateraenoic acid (12(S)-HETE), which induces a number of cellular responses associated with tumor progression and metastasis. Little is known about 12-LOX regulation and no direct regulators of 12-LOX activity have been identified. To identify potential regulators of 12-LOX, we isolated cDNAs encoding 12-LOX interacting proteins using the yeast two-hybrid system. We screened a yeast two-hybrid interaction library from human epidermoid carcinoma A431 cells and identified four cellular proteins that interact specifically with 12-LOX. We identified type II keratin 5, lamin A, the cytoplasmic domain of integrin beta4 subunit and a phosphoprotein C8FW as 12-LOX interacting proteins. Here, we demonstrated that keratin 5, a 58 kD protein required for formation of 8 nm intermediate filaments, binds to 12-LOX in human tumor cells and may contribute to the regulated trafficking of 12-LOX. We also showed that lamin A binds 12-LOX in human tumor cells. These proteins provide the first candidate regulators of 12-LOX.

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