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J Pediatr Surg. 2000 Mar;35(3):528-30.

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia associated with maternal pregnancy luteoma and the Antley-Bixler syndrome.

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  • 1Department of Pediatric Surgery, Medical School Hannover, Germany.


The authors report on a child with indifferent external genitalia consisting of severe micropenis with penile urethra leading to the tip of the glans and bilateral cryptorchidism. Diagnostic workup findings showed a female karyotype, homozygous 21-hydroxylase deficiency, and excessive testosterone exposure prenatally as a consequence of maternal pregnancy luteoma, altogether causing this unusual phenotype. In addition, the girl suffered from skeletal anomalies consistent with the diagnosis of Antley-Bixler syndrome. Our case shows that, although the association of congenital adrenal hyperplasia with other syndromes is rare, and even if other possible reasons for in utero virilization are present, complete diagnostic workup including karyotyping and hormonal status should be done in all patients with ambiguous genitalia, especially in cases of an unusual phenotype. The authors report on the diagnostic procedures and discuss the surgical approach in this particular case, never described before in the literature.

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