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Nat Neurosci. 2000 Apr;3(4):323-9.

Synapsins as mediators of BDNF-enhanced neurotransmitter release.

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Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience, The Rockefeller University, New York, New York 10021, USA.


We examined enhancement of synaptic transmission by neurotrophins at the presynaptic level. In a synaptosomal preparation, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) increased mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase-dependent synapsin I phosphorylation and acutely facilitated evoked glutamate release. PD98059, used to inhibit MAP kinase activity, markedly decreased synapsin I phosphorylation and concomitantly reduced neurotransmitter release. The stimulation of glutamate release by BDNF was strongly attenuated in mice lacking synapsin I and/or synapsin II. These results indicate a causal link of synapsin phosphorylation via BDNF, TrkB receptors and MAP kinase with downstream facilitation of neurotransmitter release.

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