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Virology. 2000 Mar 30;269(1):148-55.

Characterization and immunolocalization of major structural proteins in the brown algal virus EsV-1.

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Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, D-78457, Germany.


The Ectocarpus siliculosus virus (EsV-1) is endemic in all populations of the cosmopolitan filamentous brown alga Ectocarpus siliculosus. EsV-1 has a large circular double-stranded DNA genome of about 320 kilobase pairs, and a complex virion structure with a central nucleoprotein core surrounded by several proteinaceous layers. To investigate the protein composition of the virion, we screened an expression library of EsV-1 with antibodies raised against purified detergent-disrupted viral particles. We isolated several clones encoding novel structural proteins and investigated two of them in detail. These clones encode viral proteins vp55 and vp74. Electron microscopy reveals that vp55 is most likely a component of the surface of the viral core, whereas vp74 may be part of an inner core structure. To initiate a genetic analysis, we sequenced regions of the EsV-1 genome encoding vp55 and vp74 and found several adjacent open reading frames with the potential to code for several interesting viral proteins including a putative calcium-binding protein, a collagen-like protein, and a RING finger protein.

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