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J Paediatr Child Health. 2000 Feb;36(1):36-40.

Parent reported allergy and anaphylaxis in 4173 South Australian children.

Author information

1
University of Adelaide Department of Paediatrics, Women's and Children's Hospital, Australia. tboros@medicine.adelaide.edu.au

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To determine the prevalence of parent reported allergy and anaphylaxis in a sample of children and to investigate the first aid management of anaphylaxis in the schools and preschools that these children attend.

METHODS:

The study sample comprised 4173 South Australian children aged 3-17 years. Information was collected regarding parent-reported allergy and anaphylaxis. All children with known anaphylaxis were contacted and an attempt was made to contact those with reports of allergy to ascertain if these children had anaphylaxis. A telephone questionnaire was used to verify reports of anaphylaxis and determine the cause, severity and school first aid management of anaphylaxis.

RESULTS:

The rate of parent reported allergy and anaphylaxis was 7.3 and 0.59 per 100 children, respectively. Two-thirds of children with anaphylaxis did not have emergency medication available at school, an emergency action plan, or a teacher on site able to administer adrenaline for first aid use.

CONCLUSIONS:

Children attending preschool or school may have had a past history of anaphylaxis. Arrangements for first aid management of these children while in this environment are often inadequate.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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