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Bone Marrow Transplant. 2000 Feb;25(4):395-9.

Pediatric marrow transplantation for acute leukemia using unrelated donors and T-replete or -depleted grafts: a case-matched analysis.

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Division of Hematology-Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, University of Helsinki, Finland.


A retrospective, case-matched analysis of the short-term toxicity, risk of GVHD and relapse as well as outcome in pediatric unrelated marrow transplantation was conducted by comparing recipients of T-replete and -depleted grafts in a two-center setting. Both groups contained 30 patients with acute leukemia matched by age at transplant, gender, primary diagnosis and disease status. Acute (90% vs 53%) and chronic (48% vs 0%) GVHD were more common among recipients of T-replete grafts. No significant differences in graft rejection/failure or viral infections were encountered between the two groups. Relapses were more prevalent (37% vs 15%) among recipients of T-depleted grafts. Outcome (EFS) was similar in the two groups. Consequently, in the analysis of transplant outcome, the higher risk of procedure-related, toxic complications among pediatric recipients of T-replete marrow grafts appears to be balanced by an increased risk of relapse among the recipients of T-depleted grafts.

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