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Nihon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi. 2000 Feb;91(2):55-61.

[Treatment results of VIP (etoposide, ifosfamide and cisplatin) chemotherapy as a first-line therapy in metastatic germ cell tumors].

[Article in Japanese]



We investigated the effectiveness and toxicity of VIP therapy as a first-line chemotherapy for patients with metastatic germ cell tumor.


From March 1994 to October 1997, we treated 16 patients with VIP therapy consisting of etoposide (100 mg/m2), ifosfamide, (1.2 g/m2) and cisplatin (20 mg/m2), all of which were generally given daily for 5 consecutive days every 3 weeks. Of the 16 patients, 6 were classified into a good, 5 into an intermediate, and 5 into a poor prognostic group according to the International Germ Cell Consensus Classification.


Thirteen patients (81%) achieved complete response with VIP alone or VIP plus surgery. Three-year survival rate was 100% in good and intermediate prognostic group, while 40% in poor prognostic group. Although all patients had Grade 3 or higher myelosuppression, the treatment was well tolerated and no patient died of treatment-related complications.


VIP appears to be an effective and safe regimen as an induction chemotherapy for good and intermediate risk patients with germ cell tumor. However, more intensive regimen may be necessary for poor-risk patients.

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