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Clin Infect Dis. 2000 Mar;30(3):520-8.

Impact of penicillin susceptibility on medical outcomes for adult patients with bacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia.

Author information

1
Veterans Affairs Medical Center and University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA. jmetlay@cceb.med.upenn.edu

Abstract

The impact of penicillin susceptibility on medical outcomes for adult patients with bacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia was evaluated in a retrospective cohort study conducted during population-based surveillance for invasive pneumococcal disease in the greater Atlanta region during 1994. Of the 192 study patients, 44 (23%) were infected with pneumococcal strains that demonstrated some degree of penicillin nonsusceptibility. Compared with patients infected with penicillin-susceptible pneumococcal strains, patients whose isolates were nonsusceptible had a significantly greater risk of in-hospital death due to pneumonia (relative risk [RR], 2.1; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1-4.3) and suppurative complications of infection (RR, 4.5; 95% CI, 1-19.3), although only risk of suppurative complications remained statistically significant after adjustment for baseline differences in severity of illness. Among adults with bacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia, infection with penicillin-nonsusceptible pneumococci is associated with an increased risk of adverse outcome.

PMID:
10722438
DOI:
10.1086/313716
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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