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J Infect Dis. 2000 Mar;181(3):1143-7.

Resistance profiles in patients with viral rebound on potent antiretroviral therapy.

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Royal Free Centre for HIV Medicine and Department of Primary Care and Population Sciences, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, United Kingdom.


The prevalence of phenotypic drug resistance was assessed in 60 patients with a viral rebound after they received a protease inhibitor (PI)- or nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI)-containing regimen (baseline). Resistance testing was done within 36 weeks of viral rebound; no resistance testing was available at baseline. All patients had previously received zidovudine; 86.0% had received lamivudine. In total, 45.1% of the patients had strains resistant to the PI that they started and 88.9% given nevirapine had strains with reduced susceptibility to that drug. Overall, 46 patients (76.7%) harbored a strain resistant to >/=1 drug of their initial PI- or NNRTI-containing regimen. Of 53 patients who remained on treatment at the time of the study (40 had switched to a different combination from that at baseline), 6 harbored isolates susceptible to all drugs they had ever received. Thus, patients with viral rebound while on potent antiretroviral therapy usually have reduced susceptibility to >/=1 drug. Viral rebound also occurs in persons in whom resistant strains could not be detected by the assay used.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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