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Arzneimittelforschung. 2000 Feb;50(2):148-53.

Effects of chondroitin sulfate-C on articular cartilage destruction in murine collagen-induced arthritis.

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Department of Applied Research, Zeria Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Saitama, Japan.


The effects of chondroitin sulfate-C (CAS 25322-46-7, Chondroitin ZS Tab) on type II collagen (CII)-induced arthritis (CIA) in mice were evaluated. DBA/1J mice were immunized with bovine CII emulsified in Freund's complete adjuvant, followed by a booster injection 21 days later. Chondroitin sulfate-C at doses of 100, 300 and 1000 mg/kg was administered orally once daily beginning 14 days before initial immunization. An arthritis index and hind paw edema were examined from day 0 to day 49, when the mice were killed by ether anesthesia for histopathological examination. The delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction, serum anti-CII antibody titer, and histopathologic characteristics of both synovitis and destruction of articular cartilage were analyzed. Both the arthritis index and the serum anti-CII antibody titer were reduced by treatment with chondroitin sulfate-C in a dose-dependent manner. Chondroitin sulfate-C (1000 mg/kg) significantly inhibited hind paw edema, synovitis and destruction of the articular cartilage, but not DTH reaction.

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