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Microbes Infect. 2000 Jan;2(1):55-60.

Unique mechanism of Helicobacter pylori for colonizing the gastric mucus.

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Department of Microbiology, Yamaguchi University School of Medicine, Japan.


Helicobacter pylori is a human gastric pathogen causing chronic infection. Urease and motility using flagella are essential factors for its colonization. Urease of H. pylori exists both on the surface and in the cytoplasm, and is involved in neutralizing gastric acid and in chemotactic motility. H. pylori senses the concentration gradients of urea in the gastric mucus layer, then moves toward the epithelial surface by chemotactic movement. The energy source for the flagella movement is the proton motive force. The hydrolysis of urea by the cytoplasmic urease possibly generates additional energy for the flagellar rotation in the mucus gel layer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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