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Vaccine. 2000 Apr 28;18(21):2231-8.

Protective immunity against foot-and-mouth disease virus induced by a recombinant vaccinia virus.

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Instituto de Biotecnología, Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria cc77 Morón, (1708), Buenos Aires, Argentina.


We report the construction of a recombinant vaccinia virus expressing the precursor for the four structural proteins of FMD virus (FMDV) (P1) strain C3Arg85 using a procedure for isolation of recombinant vaccinia viruses based solely on plaque formation. Adult mice vaccinated with this recombinant vaccinia virus elicited high titers of neutralizing antibodies against both the homologous FMDV and vaccinia virus, measured by neutralization assays. Liquid phase blocking sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) using whole virus as antigen showed high total antibody titers against homologous FMDV, similar to those induced by the conventional inactivated vaccine. When ELISAs were carried out with heterologous strains A79 or O1Caseros as antigens, sera from animals vaccinated with the recombinant virus cross-reacted. Mice boosted once with the recombinant vaccinia virus were protected against challenge with infectious homologous virus. These results indicate that recombinant vaccinia viruses are efficient immunogens against FMDV when used as a live vaccine in a mouse model.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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