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Vaccine. 2000 Apr 28;18(21):2193-202.

DeltaguaBA attenuated Shigella flexneri 2a strain CVD 1204 as a Shigella vaccine and as a live mucosal delivery system for fragment C of tetanus toxin.

Author information

1
Center for Vaccine Development, University of Maryland at Baltimore, 685 West Baltimore Street, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA. anderson@well.ox.ac.uk

Abstract

The DeltaguaBA Shigella flexneri 2a vaccine candidate, CVD 1204, was evaluated as a delivery system for the non-toxic C-terminal of tetanus toxin (fragment C), either as a polypeptide expressed in the bacteria or as a DNA vaccine. CVD 1204 was transformed with plasmid pTETnir15 which encodes the fragment C gene (tetC) under the control of the inducible prokaryotic nir15 promoter or a DNA vaccine plasmid pcDNA3tetC which encodes tetC under the eukaryotic hCMV promoter. Guinea pigs immunised intranasally (i.n.) with either recombinant strain mounted a secretory immune response against S. flexneri 2a Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and were protected against ocular challenge with wild-type S. flexneri 2a. Both strains were effective in eliciting a serum IgG response against fragment C in guinea pigs following i.n. immunisation. Furthermore, serum from guinea pigs immunised with CVD 1204(pTETnir15) contained tetanus toxin neutralising antibodies. These results demonstrate that this S. flexneri 2a vaccine candidate can serve as a vehicle for the delivery of foreign antigens to the systemic immune system while retaining its capacity to serve as a mucosal Shigella vaccine.

PMID:
10717338
DOI:
10.1016/s0264-410x(00)00025-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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