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EMBO J. 2000 Mar 15;19(6):1378-88.

Cyclin F regulates the nuclear localization of cyclin B1 through a cyclin-cyclin interaction.

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Department of Chemistry, Center for Molecular Genetics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0367, USA.


The key regulator of G(2)-M transition of the cell cycle is M-phase promoting factor (MPF), a complex composed of cdc2 and a B-type cyclin. Cyclin B1 nuclear localization involves phosphorylation within a region called the cytoplasmic retention signal, which also contains a nuclear export signal. The mechanism of MPF nuclear localization remains unclear since it contains no functional nuclear localization signal (NLS). We exploited the yeast two-hybrid screen to find protein(s) potentially mediating localization of cyclin B1 and identified a novel interaction between cyclin B1 and cyclin F. We found that cdc2, cyclin B1 and cyclin F form a complex that exhibits histone H1 kinase activity. Cyclin B1 and cyclin F also colocalize through immunofluorescence studies. Additionally, deletion analysis revealed that each putative NLS of cyclin F is functional. Taken together, the data suggest that the NLS regions of cyclin F regulate cyclin B1 localization to the nucleus. The interaction between cyclin B1 and cyclin F represents the first example of direct cyclin-cyclin binding, and elucidates a novel mechanism that regulates MPF localization and function.

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