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J Med Chem. 2000 Mar 9;43(5):829-42.

Synthesis, biological activity, and molecular modeling of ribose-modified deoxyadenosine bisphosphate analogues as P2Y(1) receptor ligands.

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Molecular Recognition Section, Laboratory of Bioorganic Chemistry, National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-0810, USA.


The structure-activity relationships of adenosine-3', 5'-bisphosphates as P2Y(1) receptor antagonists have been explored, revealing the potency-enhancing effects of the N(6)-methyl group and the ability to substitute the ribose moiety (Nandanan et al. J. Med. Chem. 1999, 42, 1625-1638). We have introduced constrained carbocyclic rings (to explore the role of sugar puckering), non-glycosyl bonds to the adenine moiety, and a phosphate group shift. The biological activity of each analogue at P2Y(1) receptors was characterized by measuring its capacity to stimulate phospholipase C in turkey erythrocyte membranes (agonist effect) and to inhibit its stimulation elicited by 30 nM 2-methylthioadenosine-5'-diphosphate (antagonist effect). Addition of the N(6)-methyl group in several cases converted pure agonists to antagonists. A carbocyclic N(6)-methyl-2'-deoxyadenosine bisphosphate analogue was a pure P2Y(1) receptor antagonist and equipotent to the ribose analogue (MRS 2179). In the series of ring-constrained methanocarba derivatives where a fused cyclopropane moiety constrained the pseudosugar ring of the nucleoside to either a Northern (N) or Southern (S) conformation, as defined in the pseudorotational cycle, the 6-NH(2) (N)-analogue was a pure agonist of EC(50) 155 nM and 86-fold more potent than the corresponding (S)-isomer. The 2-chloro-N(6)-methyl-(N)-methanocarba analogue was an antagonist of IC(50) 51.6 nM. Thus, the ribose ring (N)-conformation appeared to be favored in recognition at P2Y(1) receptors. A cyclobutyl analogue was an antagonist with IC(50) of 805 nM, while morpholine ring-containing analogues were nearly inactive. Anhydrohexitol ring-modified bisphosphate derivatives displayed micromolar potency as agonists (6-NH(2)) or antagonists (N(6)-methyl). A molecular model of the energy-minimized structures of the potent antagonists suggested that the two phosphate groups may occupy common regions. The (N)- and (S)-methanocarba agonist analogues were docked into the putative binding site of the previously reported P2Y(1) receptor model.

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