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Gene. 2000 Mar 7;245(1):89-102.

Characterization of two members of the maize gene family, Incw3 and Incw4, encoding cell-wall invertases.

Author information

1
Laboratoire Structure et Métabolisme des Plantes, Institut de Biotechnologie des Plantes, CNRS-UMR 8618, Bâtiment 630, Université de Paris-Sud (XI), 91405, Orsay, France.

Abstract

Two maize putative cell-wall invertase genes (Incw3 and Incw4) have been isolated by screening a genomic DNA library (Zea mays L. W22) using the cDNA probes encoding the two maize cell-wall invertases Incw1 and Incw2. The Incw3 and Incw4 genes contain six exons/five introns and five exons/four introns, respectively. The protein sequences deduced from both genes revealed a beta-fructosidase motif and a cysteine catalytic site known to be conserved in invertase genes. A detailed analysis of the protein and nucleotide sequences provides evidence that the Incw3 and the Incw4 genes encode putative cell-wall invertases. Furthermore, the isoelectric point deduced from the INCW4 protein sequence suggested that the Incw4 gene may encode a unique type of cell-wall invertase unbound in the apoplast. Gene expression studies using RT-PCR and in-situ RT-PCR hybridization showed that the Incw3 expression is organ/tissue-specific and developmentally regulated. In contrast, the Incw4 gene is constitutively expressed in all vegetative and reproductive tissues tested.

PMID:
10713449
DOI:
10.1016/s0378-1119(00)00034-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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