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Environ Mol Mutagen. 2000;35(2):150-7.

In vivo loss of heterozygosity in T-cells of B6C3F1 Aprt(+/-) mice.

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Department of Medical and Molecular Genetics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA.


We have used B6C3F1 mice heterozygous at Aprt (adenine phosphoribosyltransferase) as a model to study in vivo loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in normal splenic T-lymphocytes. APRT-deficient T-cells were selected in medium containing 50 microg/ml 2, 6-diaminopurine (DAP), an adenine analog that is toxic only to cells with APRT enzyme activity. DAP-resistant (DAP(r)) T-cell variants were recovered at an average frequency of 3 x 10(-5) from 21 B6C3F1 Aprt(+/-) mice. Allele-specific PCR of Aprt showed that about 70% of 122 DAP(r) colonies were caused by loss of the nontargeted Aprt allele (Aprt(+)). Analysis of microsatellite markers along the length of chromosome 8 suggested that mitotic recombination, or chromosome loss, with or without duplication of the remaining chromosome are the predominant mechanisms resulting in loss of Aprt(+). DNA sequencing of Aprt RT-PCR products from the DAP(r) variants that retained Aprt(+) indicated that point mutation as well as other mechanisms could cause this second class of variants. The high spontaneous frequency of in vivo Aprt LOH in mouse T-cells, mediated by LOH mechanisms that are also known to produce human cancers, suggests that the Aprt heterozygous mouse is a valid model for studying the diversity of mechanisms for in vivo somatic mutagenesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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